The Greeks arrived in Greece about 2000 BC (4000 years ago). The Trojan War was about 1200 BC. Classical Athenian democracy got started in 509 BC. Alexander the Great died in 323 BC, and the Romans conquered Greece about 150 BC (just over 2000 years ago).
Athens was the first place in the world to have a democratic government, and it was where a lot of great art and theater came from. Athens was also the place where Socrates developed a new way of teaching and thinking about science that grew into modern scientific method.
Greek Sacrifice to the Gods
Men ran races and wrestled and threw things, as they do today, but women could not compete in the ancient OIympic Games. Chariot racing was an important event that we don't have anymore.
Mostly people ate whole-grain bread with olive oil and vinegar, and they drank a lot of wine. They ate cucumbers and onions and garlic, eggs and yogurt and cheese with their bread, and sometimes a little chicken or lamb or salami. They loved honey cakes for dessert.
In Classical Athens, the Assembly of all men who were citizens voted on every important decision. For everyday decisions, the Athenians had a Council of Five Hundred, chosen by lottery, and some officials, the generals, who were elected by the Assembly.
Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher who was interested in music and math; he lived in the 500s BC. He proved that the Pythagorean Theorem about right triangles was always true.
To find out more about Ancient Greece, check out these books from Amazon or from your local library: