African Architecture for Kids
The amphitheater of El Djem, in southern Tunisia (150 AD)
In 146 BC, the Carthaginians were conquered by the Romans. For a while nobody built new buildings, but by about 100 AD, the Romans began to build great Roman-style stone buildings and houses all over North Africa. Roman architects built the great amphitheater at El Djem (modern Tunisia), one of the largest amphitheaters in the Roman Empire. They built a great city at Lepcis Magna (modern Libya) with triumphal arches, a forum, and many beautiful stone houses with mosaic floors and marble decorating the walls.
Mosque at Kairouan, 800 AD
And after the Islamic invasions of the 700s AD, when most North African people converted to Islam, they built many mosques and forts in North Africa as well. One example is the Great Mosque at Kairouan. You'll find other Islamic buildings in North Africa here and here.