History of Chickens
Wild chickens seem to have been common in India and East
Asia (China, Thailand, and Vietnam) long ago, and that is where chickens
were first domesticated (tamed), maybe around 7000 BC.
Recent genetic evidence shows that people tamed chickens in two different
places: in China and in India. Probably the people in each place didn't
know that the other ones were also taming chickens. By about 5000 BC, people
in China were certainly keeping
chickens, and by 3000 BC people in India
also had domesticated chickens.
They ate the chickens and they also ate their eggs. They may also have caught the flu - a virus that probably started out in birds but can infect people too.
Chickens spread from India to West Asia by about 2500 BC, and from there to Africa. There were chicken bones in Egyptian tombs from the Old Kingdom. Chickens reached Greece about 500 BC, and Rome probably a little later than that.
From China, chickens spread to Japan. In Thailand and Vietnam, some people seem to have gotten their chickens from India and some from China, so that the chickens are a mixed breed.
A video of some chickens being fed
People really liked to keep chickens because they were
cheap to get started (you didn't have to be rich to buy a couple
of chickens) and they were pretty easy to take care of. You could just let
them run around the yard and eat old stale bread or leftover porridge.
Also, when you killed a chicken you could eat the whole thing up in one night - you didn't have to worry about the meat going bad, because there weren't any refrigerators.
To find out more about chickens, check out these books from Amazon or from your library:
Chicks & Chickens, by Gail Gibbons (2003). Explains where chickens come from, and what they eat, and so on. For younger kids.
A Chicken in Every Pot: Global Recipes for the World's Most Popular Bird, by Kate Heyhoe (2003). Includes a brief history, and lots of recipes for chicken.
Much Depends on Dinner: The Extraordinary History and Mythology, Allure and Obsessions, Perils and Taboos, of an Ordinary Meal, by Margaret Visser (1999). Background on what you eat, including a chapter on chicken.
Food in Antiquity: A Survey of the Diet of Early Peoples, by Don and Patricia Brothwell (1998). Pretty specialized, but the book tells you where foods came from, and how they got to other places, and what people ate in antiquity. Not just Europe, either!