Second Crusade for Kids
SIGN IN / SUBSCRIBE TO KIDIPEDE/ PRINT
LOG OUT/ PRINT

Kidipede is a history and science encyclopedia for kids, with more than 2000 pages of expert answers to your questions.


The Second Crusade

After the First Crusade in 1096 AD set up Christian kingdoms all along the coast of Israel and Lebanon, of course the Fatimid caliphs who had ruled that area before were very upset. By 1144, a Mamluk general, Imad-ed-din Zangi, had managed to unite enough Turks and Arabs in his army to attack the Christian kingdoms. Zangi did not take Jerusalem, but he did take the Syrian city of Edessa nearby.

In Europe, people were very upset to learn that the Turks had taken Edessa. The Pope ordered Bernard of Clairvaux (in France) to preach a second crusade to take it back and defeat Zangi. The young king of France, Louis VII, agreed to go, along with the queen, Eleanor of Aquitaine. So did Conrad III of Germany, the Holy Roman Emperor. At this time Louis was 23 years old and Eleanor was 22. Conrad was 51 years old.

From beginning to end, though, this crusade was not successful. Most of Conrad's soldiers were killed as they marched through Turkey. When Louis and Conrad reached Jerusalem, they decided to attack Damascus, which would have made up for the loss of Edessa. But their attack on Damascus failed, and the kings and queens went home in disgust.

Henry II of England Third Crusade
The Capetians in France Main medieval history page


Copyright 2012-2014 Karen Carr, Portland State University. This page last updated 2014. Powered by Dewahost.

About - Contact - Privacy Policy - What do the broom and the mop say when you open the closet door?