North American Clothing
CLOTHING AFTER 1500 AD
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A traditional Blackfoot men's shirt
Nearly all the clothing that people wore in North America was made of animal skins (usually deerhide), or of bark or wild plants - there wasn't any silk, or linen, or wool in North America before 1500 AD.
Cheyenne buckskin dress
Most women in North America wore dresses sewn out of deerskin, sometimes with leggings made out of deerskin. They often wrapped another deerskin around themselves to keep warm. Women spun and wove nettle fibers (this is like working with flax) to make softer under-shirts to wear under their dresses. Other women went topless and just wore leggings and skirts.
Most men wore leggings and breechclouts made out of deerskin. When it was cold they wore deerskin robes. It was hard to get enough deerskins for everyone, so most people only had one outfit, and some poor people and children didn't own any clothes. Most people tried to make their clothes last as long as possible by not wearing them whenever it was warm enough, or if they were working hard. Sometimes women wore cheaper grass skirts to save their deerskin clothes.
Some East Coast people listening to
a Jesuit priest (1600s AD)
The Pueblo people of the south-west did grow cotton, which they had gotten originally from the Maya or Aztec people south of them. They spun and wove this cotton into clothes. Men wore kilts (skirts) and women wore dresses, and they both wore ankle-high leather moccasins. Their cotton clothes were more appropriate to the hot weather of the south-west (modern Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico).
People also showed what group they belonged to with their hairstyles. For instance, men who lived on the East Coast - like the Algonquins, the Cherokee, and the Iroquois - shaved most of the hair off their head and left only a little hair at the top of their head (today we call this a Mohawk or a Mohican after two of the groups that did this). But men who lived in the Plains - like the Sioux or the Blackfeet - kept their hair in two long braids along the side of their head. Pueblo men cut their hair off at neck-length.
Chinook woman and her baby, about 1841
Most women wore their hair long, often in one long braid down their back, but Chinook women, for instance, cut theirs to shoulder length.
Pearl necklace from Craig Mound, Spiro
(modern Oklahoma), ca. 1300 AD
People also used jewelry as part of their clothing. They often traded long distances to get special pearls or shells or copper to make into beads.
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North American clothing after 1500 AD
North American Economy
North American Food
North American Architecture
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Copyright 1998-2013 Dr. Karen Carr, Assoc. Professor Emerita of History, Portland State University. This page last updated Saturday, Mar 17, 2012