Adena history - Native Americans for kids - a Woodland period culture
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Kidipede is a history and science encyclopedia for kids, with more than 2000 pages of expert answers to your questions.


Adena History

People called the Adena lived along the Ohio river valley (in modern Ohio) during the Early Woodland period, beginning about 700 BC. These people probably chose leaders in a "big man" system. They got some of their food from hunting and gathering and fishing, and some of their food from planting squash and other plants (but they didn't have corn yet). They grew tobacco to use in religious ceremonies, too.

Great Serpent Mound
Great Serpent Mound, Ohio (700 BC-200 AD<)

Adena people often built large mounds of earth. Some of these were burial mounds to put dead people in. When people died, their relatives would smear red ochre or graphite on their bodies and then bury them inside these big mounds. Sometimes they buried dozens of people in the same mound (not all at the same time! They buried the people one by one, when they died.). People buried carved soapstone pipes with the bodies for their souls to use in the next world.

Other mounds that the Adena people built were not for burials, like the Snake mound in the picture on this page. These mounds might have been to show what group or clan people belonged to in that area.

About 200 AD, as the Adena people moved into the Middle Woodland period, their culture developed into the Hopewell culture.

To find out more about Adena history, check out these books from Amazon.com or from your library:

Or check out the Encyclopedia Britannica article about the Adena.

Chinook people after 1500 AD
Sioux people
Inuit people
Blackfoot people
Ute people
Pueblo people
Iroquois people
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Copyright 2012-2014 Karen Carr, Portland State University. This page last updated 2014. Powered by Dewahost.

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